Some and any./ (In general we use some (also somebody/someone/something) in positive sentences and any (also anybody etc.) in negative sentences./ We use any in the following sentences because the meaning is negative: She went out without any money. (she didn’t take any money with her) He refused to eat anything. (he didn’t eat anything) It’s a very easy exam. Hardly anybody fails. (= almost nobody fails)./ We use both some and any in questions. We use some/somebody/something to talk about a person or thing that we know exists, or we think exists: Are you waiting for somebody? (I think you are waiting for somebody)./ We use some in questions when we offer or ask for things: Would you like something to eat? (there is something to eat). But in most questions, we use any. We do not know if the thing or person exists: ‘Do you have any luggage?’ ‘No, I don’t./)
Тема 4. Изучаем some и any и их производные.